Mary Beth Happ, PhD, RN, FAAN is the Distinguished Professor of Critical Care Research and Director of the Center of Excellence in Critical and Complex Care at The Ohio State University College of Nursing. Previously a faculty member in the University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing for 12 years, Dr. Happ held the UPMC Health System Chair in Nursing Science with secondary appointments in Critical Care Medicine, Clinical and Translational Science and Bioethics and Health Law. She currently holds Adjunct faculty appointments to the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Pittsburgh Schools of Nursing and Medicine, Department of Critical Care Medicine. Her program of research is targeted to seriously ill older adults and is focused on developing and testing interventions to improve care and communication with mechanically ventilated and communication-impaired patients, symptom communication, and end-of-life care in the intensive care unit. She has experience in testing electronic communication devices in the ICU setting using a mixed methods approach to usability and feasibility testing. Dr. Happ led an interdisciplinary team to develop and test a multi-component intervention (nurse training, communication tools, speech- language consultation) to improve patient communication during mechanical ventilation (SPEACS). She co-led the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation INQRI project, SPEACS-2: Improving Patient Communication and Quality Outcomes in the ICU. Dr. Happ is a Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing and member of the Expert Panel on Critical Care. She serves on the editorial boards of Heart and Lung and the Journal of Gerontological Nursing, and has authored/co-authored over 100 published articles, editorials, book chapters and educational modules

Financial -Has published numerous book chapters, for some of which she receives royalty payments from the publishers SAGE Publications and Springer Publications Co. Received a speaking fee from Passy-Muir, Inc. for this presentation. Information for this program made possible through research funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation INQRI program and the Greenwall Foundation Kornfeld Program on Bioethics and Patient Care. Is employed by The Ohio State University College of Nursing and receives a salary. Nonfinancial - No relevant nonfinancial relationships exist